Western Greece Region is one of the thirteen regions of Greece. It comprises the western part of continental Greece and the northwestern part of the Peloponnese peninsula.
The region of Western Greece was established in the 1987 administrative reform. With the 2010 Kallikratis plan, its powers and authority were redefined and extended. Along with the Peloponnese and the Ionian Islands regions, it is supervised by the Decentralized Administration of the Peloponnese, Western Greece and the Ionian Islands based at Patras. The region is based at Patras and is divided into three regional units (pre-Kallikratis prefectures), Aetolia-Acarnania in Central Greece and Achaea and Elis in the Peloponnese, which are further subdivided into 19 municipalities.
The governor is Apostolos Katsifaras, who was elected in the 2010 local elections running for PASOK and was narrowly re-elected in 2014 as an independent.
Region deals with social issues mainly via the structural funds by ESF and ERDF. The legislative status in social matters comes from the central government. In Greece there is a rather restricted and therefore insufficient approach in social matters concerning mainly matters of social exclusion and access in social and health services for disadvantaged people and population groups. Some indicators of EU SPI are used under the perspective of health, education, entrepreneurship, access to public services, infrastructure etc. leading to a fragmented and blur field of social progress. Therefore, policy competences in social progress matters lack the necessary holistic approach and consequently policy implementation doesn’t have the multiplying impact that should have.
The social condition of the Region of Western Greece (RWG) is determined by the output indicators, which are identified by European Social Fund (ESF) and European Regional Development Fund (ERDF). These appropriate indicators have been formed in order to monitor the Operational Program “WESTERN GREECE 2014 – 2020”. The Priority Axis 4-Human Resources Development, Promoting Social Inclusion and Combating Poverty and Discrimination is linked to the Thematic Objectives TO8-Promoting sustainable and quality employment and supporting labor force mobility and TO9- Promoting social inclusion, combating poverty and any discrimination. The funding sources are National and ESF and the total public expenditure 95.710.629 €. The Priority Axis 5-Development, modernization, supplementing social infrastructure, health and education infrastructure is linked to the Thematic Objectives TG9-Promoting social inclusion, combating poverty and any discrimination and TG10-Investing in education, training and vocational training for skills and lifelong learning. The funding sources are National and ΕRDF and the total public expenditure 40.893.093€. Indicatively, some of the output indicators are below:
- Population that covered by improved health services
- Capacity of childcare facilities or education that are supported
- Unemployed, including the long-term unemployed
- Supported projects to set up new businesses
- People that freed from the care of dependents
- Immigrants, participants from abroad and minorities ((including marginalized communities such as Roma)
- Number of supported structures
- Number of School Units that benefit from educational interventions
- Number of people that benefit from mental health services
- Number of supported existing and new institutions of social and solidarity economy.