Emilia-Romagna is an administrative region of Northeast Italy comprising the historical regions of Emilia and Romagna. Its capital is Bologna. It has an area of 22,446 km2 (8,666 sq mi), and about 4.4 million inhabitants.
Emilia-Romagna is one of the wealthiest and most developed regions in Europe, with the third highest GDP per capita in Italy. Bologna, its capital, has one of Italy's highest quality of life indices and advanced social services. Emilia-Romagna is also a cultural and tourist centre, being the home of the University of Bologna, the oldest university in the world, containing Roman and Renaissance cities (such as Modena, Parma, Ferrara and Reggio Emilia), a former Western Roman Empire capital such as Ravenna, encompassing eleven UNESCO heritage sites, being a centre for food and automobile production (home of automotive companies such as Ferrari, Lamborghini, Maserati, Pagani, De Tomaso and Ducati) and having popular coastal resorts such as Cervia, Cesenatico, Rimini and Riccione. In 2018, the Lonely Planet guide named Emilia Romagna as the best place to see in Europe.
The region of Emilia-Romagna consists of nine provinces and covers an area of 22,446 km² (8,666 sq. mi.), ranking sixth in Italy. Nearly half of the region (48%) consists of plains while 27% is hilly and 25% mountainous.
The Regional Government (Giunta Regionale) is presided by the President of the Region (Presidente della Regione), who is elected for a five-year term. The Regional Government is composed of the President and the Ministers (Assessori), of which there are currently twelve including the Vice President and the Under-Secretary for the President's office.
Emilia-Romagna today is considered one of the richest European regions and the third Italian region by GDP per capita. These results have been achieved by developing a very well-balanced economy that comprises Italy's biggest agricultural sector as well as a long-standing tradition in automobile, motor and mechanics manufacturing and a strong banking and insurance industry. The economy of the region is characterised by the strong presence of SMEs.
In spite of the depth and variety of industrial activities in the region, agriculture has not eclipsed. Emilia-Romagna is among the leading regions in the country, with farming contributing 5.8% of the gross regional product. The agricultural sector has aimed for increased competitiveness by means of structural reorganisation and high-quality products, and this has led to the success of marketed brands.
Industry in the region presents a varied and complex picture and is located along the Via Emilia. The food industry (e.g. Barilla Group) is particularly concentrated in Parma, Modena and Bologna as is the mechanical and automotive industry (e.g. Ferrari, Ducati, Lamborghini, De Tomaso, Maserati, Pagani, Sacmi).
The ceramic sector is concentrated in Faenza and Sassuolo. Tourism is increasingly important, especially along the Adriatic coastline and the cities of art. The regional economy is more geared to export markets than other regions in the country: the main exports are from mechanical engineering (53%), the extraction of non-metallic minerals (13%) and the clothing industry (10%).
The region of Emilia-Romagna has a very good system of transport, with 574 km of motorways, 1,053 km of railways and airports in Bologna, Forlì, Parma and Rimini. The main motorway crosses the region from north-west (Piacenza) to the south-east (Adriatic coast), connecting the main cities of Parma, Reggio Emilia, Modena, Bologna, and from here further to Ravenna, Rimini and the Adriatic coast.
Regione Emilia-Romagna is a NUTS 2 Administrative Region (ITH5). Its policy competences are both exclusives and concurrent with the central Italian Government. The Direzione Generale Economia della Conoscenza, del Lavoro e dell’Impresa (General directorate of knowledge, work and firm) will represents the Regione EmiliaRomagna in this project. The Direzione Generale is the administrative and technical reference for the policies implementation of four regional Departments, with the main topic in territorial economic development. Specific topics are: firms, work, research and innovation, internationalization and attractivity, education and professional education, tourism, commerce, culture, youth policies. Moreover, the Direzione Generale is the managing Authority of the European Social Fund and the European Regional Development Fund.
Regione Emilia-Romagna uses sets of indicators for planning, monitoring and evaluating an ample set of policies, especially sectoral policies. An example is the Common Indicators framework established by the European Commission as to evaluate the Cohesion Policy of the European Social Fund and the European Regional Development Fund. With reference to the EU-SPI indicators, we think it will be useful starting from the issues that are competence of the Direzione Generale (i.e. education, higher education, technical and professional education, scientific research, innovation, digitalization, social inclusion …).
Regione Emilia Romagna is primary interested in including new and innovative measures, other than the GDP, in the debate on the next Cohesion Policy programming period. Moreover, the Direzione Generale is interested in includes other indicators in our set, that will allow us to better define programming documents. In addition, as Managing Authority of the ERDF and the ESF, we are looking at a more comprehensive method to evaluate, in particular, the effects of the two Funds on the regional population and territory, and the effects of public policies in general.